There are sixteen (16) sections in a Safety Data Sheet and must be in the same set order.
The original 9-section Canadian MSDS is replaced by the 16-section SDS. Most of the information from the traditional MSDS is still needed. Additional product details are also required, such as the product’s hazard classifications and a description of the most important symptoms resulted from exposure to the product.
|1: Identification||Provides the name of the product, supplier information and recommended use and restrictions on use.|
|2: Hazard Identification||Lists the hazard classification (class and category) of the substance or mixture or a description of the identified hazard.|
|3: Composition / Information on Ingredients||Lists the chemical name, common name and synonyms and concentration of ingredients or mixtures.|
|4: First-aid Measures||Explains the first-aid measures by route of exposure: inhalation, skin contact, eye contact, and ingestion. As well as most the important symptoms/effects.|
|5: Fire-fighting Measures||Lists the specific hazards arising from the hazardous product and how to safely extinguish. Lists specific precautions for fire fighters.|
|6: Accidental Release Measures||Describes personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures and methods/materials for containment and clean up.|
|7: Handling and Storage||Lists the precautions for safe handling, conditions for storage, including any incompatibilities.|
|8: Exposure Controls / Personal Protection||Deals with appropriate engineering controls and individual protection measures (PPE).|
|9: Physical and Chemical Properties||Describes the product’s physical characteristics such as whether it is a gas, a liquid, or a solid, its colour and appearance, its pH melting/freezing point and range, flashpoint, and upper and lower flammable or explosive limits.|
|10: Stability and Reactivity||Describes the product’s reactivity, possibility of hazardous reactions, conditions to avoid, and incompatible materials.|
|11: Toxicological Information||Provides complete description of the various toxic health effects by route of entry, including effects of acute (short term) or chronic (long term) exposure, carcinogenicity, reproductive efforts, respiratory sensitization and the data used to identify those effects.|
|12: Ecological Information||Lists other adverse effects: aquatic and terrestrial toxicity (where available).|
|13: Disposal Considerations||Deals with information on the safe handling for disposal and methods of disposal, including waste packaging.|
|14: Transport Information||Provides shipping labeling and special precautions.|
|15: Regulatory Information||Lists the safety, health and environmental regulations specific to the product.|
|16: Other Information||Provides the date of the latest revision of the SDS.|
Sections 12 to 15 require the headings to be present, but under Canadian regulations, the supplier has the option to not provide information in these sections.
A Safety Data Sheet can look intimidating, and it does contain a lot of complex scientific information.
The important sections to read are Sections 2, 4, 8 and 11. These sections will provide you with important information on:
Referring to the SDS (or MSDS) is the safest way to learn how to use, handle and store hazardous material.
Did you know? ….mixing hazardous products can be deadly. For example, mixing common household chemicals such as bleach and ammonia will release toxic vapours that can attack your eyes and mucous membranes. But the biggest threat comes from inhaling the gases. If you find someone who you think has mixed bleach and ammonia, if possible, remove the person to fresh air, preferably outdoors and call 911 for emergency assistance.